Indigenous land-based stewardship from local to global scales


This project aims to quantitatively explore the role of Indigenous Peoples in defending their territories in the face of rapidly expanding commodity and extractive frontiers. This will be done by: (1) assessing emerging threats to Indigenous land-based stewardship across scales, as well as the factors shaping success in Indigenous Peoples’ resistance movements against commodity and extractive-driven development, and (2) uncovering the potentialities and pre-figurative politics of a growing global discourse around Indigenous land-based stewardship.

With a strong focus on the geospatial analysis of the stewardship contributions of Indigenous Peoples, the project aspires to upscale case-specific insights and create global knowledge that can unveil general patterns and dynamics in the social-ecological realities of Indigenous Peoples, while embracing contextual complexities through the use of ethnographically-grounded data. In order to promote the scalability of place-based ethnobiological evidence, and connect local realities to global environmental decision-making contexts, the project will apply: (i) cross-scale, multi-site research design (aggregating data from different field sites); and (ii) cutting-edge methodological developments in geospatial analysis (e.g., counterfactual analyses, matching methods).

This project is embedded within the Ramón y Cajal research fellowship of Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares, funded by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación of the Spanish Government (RYC2021-034198-I).

Project dates

 January 2023 – December 2027

Research area


  • Indigenous Peoples
  • ethnobiology
  • multi-scaled models
  • geospatial analysis
  • stewardship

Team members

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