Research area

Resilience and transformation

Investigating transformative pathways toward sustainability founded upon the concept of ecosystem services and nature-based solutions.

We investigate socio-economic, ecological, digital and policy transformative pathways that can reduce the vulnerability of urban and rural citizens to global environmental change whilst enhancing their resilience, with specific attention being devoted to green infrastructure projects in cities and agroecological transformations in food systems.

We analyse how we can reduce the social-ecological vulnerability and enhance the resilience of rural and urban communities to global environmental change; and how green urban green infrastructure and nature-based solutions influence the value, distribution and maintenance of ecosystem services in rural and urban contexts;

We are also keen on exploring ways in which agroecology principles and practice could be upscaled in both cost-effective and socially just ways.


  • Green Infrastructure
  • Spatial Analysis
  • Urban Resilience
  • Integrated Valuation
  • Landscape and Urban Planning
  • Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES)
  • Biodiversity Offsets
  • REDD+
  • Biocultural Diversity
  • Cultural Scosystem Services
  • Ecological-distribution Conflicts

Projects research area: "Resilience and transformation"

March 2020 - February 2022
  • Rural vulnerability
  • Climate change
  • Depopulation
  • Unequal trade
  • Exposure
  • Sensitivity
  • Adaptive capacity

Un índice de vulnerabilidad socio-ambiental para apoyar en el diseño de nuevas políticas de desarrollo rural en España

June 2020 - November 2023
  • Payments for ecosystem services
  • motivations
  • behaviour
  • institutions
  • Mexico
  • Colombia

How do payments for ecosystem services affect conservation motivations and land-use behaviour? How do local institutions, including land tenure and collective action, moderate the effect of payments on motivations and forest cover?

September 2020- August 2024
  • Urban ecosystem restoration
  • nature-based solutions
  • resilient and inclusive cities
  • co-production of knowledge
  • sustainable urban development
  • multi-directional cooperation between EU and CELAC

The INTERLACE project aims to empower and equip European and CELAC cities to effectively restore and rehabilitate (peri)urban ecosystems towards more liveable, resilient and inclusive cities. The ...

February 2022 - April 2024
  • Sustainable food
  • public provision
  • food system transitions
  • agroecology

Research into existing initiatives of sustainable food procurement in Spain

01/04/2022 - 31/03/2025
  • Nature-Based Solutions
  • Stormwater Runoff
  • Flooding
  • Sewer Overflow
  • Urban Transformation
  • Social-Ecological-Technical Systems (SETS)

NICHES will demonstrate the capacity of nature-based solutions to mitigate stormwater runoff, flooding and sewer overflow events and highlight transformation pathways to deliver this potential. The project will simultaneously enhance social-ecological qualities and ecosystem services at source and in receiving water bodies.

Noviembre 2023-Abril 2025
  • Soluciones basadas en naturaleza
  • Adaptación
  • Vulnerabilidad
  • Buenas prácticas

En España, el cambio climático presenta importantes desafíos, riesgos e impactos que exigen la adaptación y mitigación. Las soluciones basadas en la naturaleza (SBN) son clave para enfrentar estos desafíos debido a su capacidad para proporcionar múltiples beneficios ecológicos, sociales y económicos. Sin embargo, aún no se dispone de un sistema nacional de catalogación de las SBN que contemple las particularidades del territorio, lo que dificulta la implementación del PNACC. Por tanto, el proyecto E:SBN propone la creación de un sistema de identificación, clasificación y catalogación de las SBN en España, que promueva la planificación coherente y maximice su eficacia.

November 2011 - December 2014
  • Economic Valuation
  • Market-based Instruments
  • Payments for Ecosystem Services
  • Biodiversity Conservation
  • Science-policy Interface

Market-based conservation and ecosystem services, from concepts to implementation.

October, 2017 – September, 2022
  • Pastoralism
  • Ecosystem services
  • customary-based governance
  • in-situ biodiversity conservation

Spearheading heritization procedures for conserving and supporting pastoral ICCAs in Mwanda-Marungu, Taita hills, Kenya

01/12/2016 - 30/11/2020
  • Green and Blue Infrastructure
  • Social-Ecological Systems
  • Ecosystem Services

ENABLE aims to advance knowledge of how to design and implement green and blue Infrastructure in a way that maximizes its potential to deliver numerous social and environmental benefits

November 2016 – October 2020
  • Nature-based solutions
  • Urban Green Infrastructure
  • Urban re-naturing
  • Urban innovation

Examining the performance of nature-based solutions in cities to respond to urban sustainability challenges

January 2010 - December 2014

Developing and analysing the implementation of a REDD+ pilot project in Tanzania

December 2016 - December 2017
  • Agricultural Intensification
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Poverty Alleviation
  • Land Sharing
  • Land Sparing

Synthesizing the effects of agricultural intensification on ecosystem services and poverty alleviation.

November 2015 - October 2017
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Poverty
  • Development
  • Discourses
  • Networks

Parsing out debates over ecosystem services and poverty

February 2014 - October 2018
  • REDD+
  • Conflict
  • Cooperation
  • Livelihoods
  • Mexico
  • Nepal
  • Vietnam

Investigating the effects of REDD+ policies and pilot projects on forest governance, livelihoods and conflict

February 2012-May 2015
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Ecosystem services
  • Values
  • Trade-offs
  • Effective policies

Advancing insights in tradeoffs and synergies between biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and ecosystem service values for improved integrated biodiversity policy

October 2013 - June 2018
  • Ecosystem services mapping
  • Green infrastructure
  • Landscape and urban planning
  • Barcelona

The main goal of this project was to map and assess ecosystem services in the Province of Barcelona and integrate them in the existing decision-support tool SITxell (Territorial Information System for the Open Spaces Network of the Barcelona Province)

April 2019 – April 2023
  • Environmental Justice
  • Urban Ecosystem Services
  • Urban Green Infrastructure
  • Equity

What is the contribution of Ecosystem Services to the creation of sustainable, just and resilient cities? An environmental justice perspective

October, 2020 - November, 2023
  • Living rural heritage
  • mountains
  • agro-forestry-pastoral practices
  • cultural memory
  • participation

The project will research and develop a ‘living heritage’ approach to conservation, promoting the ‘protection through use’ of upland environments and adjacent rural areas.

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