Research area

Resilience and transformation

Studying and applying new policy and resource management approaches founded upon the concept of ecosystem services.

We study (and sometimes work on the application of) new policy and resource management approaches founded upon the concept of ecosystem services. We investigate the design and effectiveness of payments and markets for ecosystem services, as well as the UN-REDD+ framework or “green infrastructure” planning approaches in urban contexts.We also use the ecosystem services approach to develop grounded understandings of socio-cultural processes and ecological-distribution conflicts related to ecosystem management. Specifically, we aim to:

  • Identify the human values attached to ecosystem services, the spatial and social distribution of their benefits, and assess trade-offs across ecosystem services and human well-being;
  • Establish the links between biocultural diversity and ecosystem service provision, with emphasis on peoples’ interactions with the urban and rural environment through the analysis of cultural ecosystem services; and
  • Analyse the ecological effectiveness and social and environmental justice implications of policies and instruments, and management options informed by the ecosystem services framework in urban, peri-urban and rural areas.


  • Green Infrastructure
  • Spatial Analysis
  • Urban Resilience
  • Integrated Valuation
  • Landscape and Urban Planning
  • Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES)
  • Biodiversity Offsets
  • REDD+
  • Biocultural Diversity
  • Cultural Scosystem Services
  • Ecological-distribution Conflicts

Projects research area: "Resilience and transformation"

October, 2017 – September, 2022
  • Pastoralism
  • Ecosystem services
  • customary-based governance
  • in-situ biodiversity conservation

Spearheading heritization procedures for conserving and supporting pastoral ICCAs in Mwanda-Marungu, Taita hills, Kenya

01/12/2016 - 30/11/2020
  • Green and Blue Infrastructure
  • Social-Ecological Systems
  • Ecosystem Services

ENABLE aims to advance knowledge of how to design and implement green and blue Infrastructure in a way that maximizes its potential to deliver numerous social and environmental benefits

November 2016 – October 2020
  • Nature-based solutions
  • Urban Green Infrastructure
  • Urban re-naturing
  • Urban innovation

Examining the performance of nature-based solutions in cities to respond to urban sustainability challenges

April 2019 – April 2023
  • Environmental Justice
  • Urban Ecosystem Services
  • Urban Green Infrastructure
  • Equity

What is the contribution of Ecosystem Services to the creation of sustainable, just and resilient cities? An environmental justice perspective

March 2020 - February 2022
  • Rural vulnerability
  • Climate change
  • Depopulation
  • Unequal trade
  • Exposure
  • Sensitivity
  • Adaptive capacity

Un índice de vulnerabilidad socio-ambiental para apoyar en el diseño de nuevas políticas de desarrollo rural en España

June 2020 - May 2022
  • Payments for ecosystem services
  • motivations
  • behaviour
  • institutions
  • Mexico
  • Colombia

How do payments for ecosystem services affect conservation motivations and land-use behaviour? How do local institutions, including land tenure and collective action, moderate the effect of payments on motivations and forest cover?

October, 2020 - November, 2023
  • Living rural heritage
  • mountains
  • agro-forestry-pastoral practices
  • cultural memory
  • participation

The project will research and develop a ‘living heritage’ approach to conservation, promoting the ‘protection through use’ of upland environments and adjacent rural areas.

September 2020- August 2024
  • Urban ecosystem restoration
  • nature-based solutions
  • resilient and inclusive cities
  • co-production of knowledge
  • sustainable urban development
  • multi-directional cooperation between EU and CELAC

The INTERLACE project aims to empower and equip European and CELAC cities to effectively restore and rehabilitate (peri)urban ecosystems towards more liveable, resilient and inclusive cities. The ...

February 2022 - January 2024
  • Sustainable food
  • public provision
  • transitions
  • agroecology
  • scaling

Research into existing initiatives of sustainable food procurement in Spain

November 2011 - December 2014
  • Economic Valuation
  • Market-based Instruments
  • Payments for Ecosystem Services
  • Biodiversity Conservation
  • Science-policy Interface

Market-based conservation and ecosystem services, from concepts to implementation.

January 2010 - December 2014

Developing and analysing the implementation of a REDD+ pilot project in Tanzania

December 2016 - December 2017
  • Agricultural Intensification
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Poverty Alleviation
  • Land Sharing
  • Land Sparing

Synthesizing the effects of agricultural intensification on ecosystem services and poverty alleviation.

November 2015 - October 2017
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Poverty
  • Development
  • Discourses
  • Networks

Parsing out debates over ecosystem services and poverty

February 2014 - October 2018
  • REDD+
  • Conflict
  • Cooperation
  • Livelihoods
  • Mexico
  • Nepal
  • Vietnam

Investigating the effects of REDD+ policies and pilot projects on forest governance, livelihoods and conflict

February 2012-May 2015
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Ecosystem services
  • Values
  • Trade-offs
  • Effective policies

Advancing insights in tradeoffs and synergies between biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and ecosystem service values for improved integrated biodiversity policy

October 2013 - June 2018
  • Ecosystem services mapping
  • Green infrastructure
  • Landscape and urban planning
  • Barcelona

The main goal of this project was to map and assess ecosystem services in the Province of Barcelona and integrate them in the existing decision-support tool SITxell (Territorial Information System for the Open Spaces Network of the Barcelona Province)

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