Customary common management systems have been recognized as a potential source of human livelihoods and environmental conservation. Despite this recognition and despite East Africa being a paradigmatic region for the study of pastoralism which is paradigmatic for the commons, the customary community-based management of pastoral resources and the existence of potential pastoral ICCAs in this region have been given surprisingly poor scientific attention.
Through an in-depth ethnographical description and an eco-anthropological analysis of a case study among the Wahehe, agropastoral group of Iringa region (Southern Highlands of Tanzania), their traditional management system of pastoral natural resources is examined. A central question driving this research is which are the vectors that favor or not the creation of collective action in local natural resource governance.
September 2015 – October 2020